Databases and Research Tools, Format = Patents and Copyright

  • Provides licenses to reproduce or distribute copyright materials.

  • "Offers a flexible range of protections and freedoms for authors and artists. We have built upon the "all rights reserved" of traditional copyright to create a voluntary 'some rights reserved' copyright. We're a nonprofit. All of our tools are free."

  •  Google Patent Search covers the entire collection of issued patents and millions of patent applications made available by the United States Patent and Trademark Office from patents issued in the 1790s through those most recently issued in the past few months.  International patents are not included here. *Note:  free public access available at

  • This site provides information on copyright policies and laws, and how to apply them to academic and scholarly work.